City Life 2008 Activation Code [full Version] PORTABLE
instead of following the trail of poignancy that led from martin luther king jr. and other black leaders to the multiracial activist campaigns of the 1960s, old time pointed me to a website for the black panther party, the civil rights movement and the black power movement. it was all a bit overwhelming for someone who was on the outside looking in.
City Life 2008 Activation Code [full version]
to describe the different groups and the political strategies of the civil rights movement is beyond the scope of this article. suffice it to say that a growing social awareness of civil rights issues produced a series of campaigns and movements that slowly changed the way millions of americans view race relations. in 1964, the sociologist william phillips argued that blacks in america had grown increasingly educated and aware of their position in the racial order. their challenge and their social problem began to be called the black consciousness movement, which arose at the end of the civil rights movement. its leaders included stokely carmichael (a former black panther), h. rap brown, and bobby seale, and its main activity was to teach blacks to view themselves as a group rather than as individuals and to see race as a social fact, not as an either/or matter. the black power movement arose in the mid-sixties. its main political concerns were black nationalism and black self-defense (against other blacks as well as police and other racist officials).
sam melville was the founding member and leader of the black panther party. as an organizer in chicago, he helped bring together young black activists, white allies, and ordinary working people to take part in a series of mass protests, occupations and demonstrations throughout the city. his focus was to connect people of different races and ethnicities through the common suffering they endured at the hands of police. he never directly attacked the police or advocated violence (which would have been counterproductive), but he believed that guns and violence were an important instrument of the ongoing struggle for freedom, equality, and social justice. if his fellow black activists had listened carefully to what melville was trying to tell them, they might have realized that the panthers were simply warning of what the government had in store for them.